Tips Windows Platform

Essential Windows command line

Change the default drive

To change the default drive, simply type the drive letter of your choice and press enter

C:\ > D: [Enter]  (Changes the default drive from C to D)
D:\ > C: [Enter]  (Change the default drive from D to C)

Change Directory

To change directory use CD command

C:\ > CD furniture (Moves to the directory called FURNITURE)
C:\furniture > CD \ (Move to main folder c:\)
C:\furniture\audain > CD.. (Move back to the root folder C:\)
C:\furniture\audain > CD .. (Move back to the previous Folder C:\furniture)

Copying one or more files to another location

C:\ > copy c:\kermit.exe e: (Copies the file ‘ kermit. EXE ‘ from drive C on drive E and gives it the same name)
C:\ > copy e:\trip1.dat f:\south\trip2.dat (Create a copy of “trip1.dat” from E Drive, Put it in the drive F, in the “South” subdirectory and rename it to “trip2.dat”.

Copy files and directory trees.


C:\ > XCOPY c:\*.* d:\  /e/y (copy all files and subdirectories from drive C to drive D)
/E (Copies directories and subdirectories, including those that are empty)
/Y (deletes the request to confirm that you want to overwrite an existing destination file)

Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory or disk.

C:\ > dir (Display the list of files and subdirectories of drive C)
C:\ > dir d: (Display the list of files and subdirectories of drive d)
C:\ > dir e:\ *.exe (Displays all files on drive E with an “EXE” extension)
C:\ > dir e:\kermit.* (Displays all files on drive E whose filename is “KERMIT”)
C:\ > dir e:\labe?.com (Displays all files of five letter including the first four letters  “Labe” and “com” as an extension.
C:\ > dir e:\format.c?? (Lists all files with a filename “format” and have a three – letter extension starting with “C”)

Rename files and directories

C:\ > ren file1 file2 (Rename the file1 to file2)
c:\ > ren *.txt *.bak (Rename all text files to files bak extension.
C:\ > rename e:\audain beaudain (Rename the directory audain to beaudain)

Note that you cannot specify a new drive or path for your destination file or directory

Deletes one or more files

C:\ > del file1 (Delete file1)
C:\ > del file1 file2 (Delete file1 and file2)
C:\ > del *.exe (Delete all files with exe extension)
C:\ > del /f *.exe (/F force deletion of read-only files)

Creates one or more directories

C:\ > mkdir trip (Creates a Directory named trip)
C:\ > mkdir trip1 trip2 (Creates two directories named trip1and trip2)
C:\ > mkdir Africa\trip5 (Creates a directory named Africa and a subdirectory named trip5)

Delete a directory

C:\ > Rd trip (It is only possible to run this command if the directory you want to delete is empty)
C:\ > Rd /S Africa (/S deletes all directories and files in the specified directory including the Directory itself. Used to delete a directory tree if not empty.

Format a disk for use with Windows.

C:\ > format e: (The E drive formats)
C:\ > format e: /FS:fat32 /Q (Format E drive)
/FS: filesystem Specifies the file system type (FAT, FAT32, NTFS )
/Q is fast formatting .

Displays the network configuration

C:\ > ipconfig (To display only the IP address, subnet mask, and default gateway for each TCP /IP)
C:\ > ipconfig /all (To view detailed information. Ethernet adapter local area connection)
C:\ > ipconfig /release (To release the IP address)
C:\ > ipconfig /renew (To renew the IP address)

Ping (To check your connectivity)

C:\ > ping

Tracert (Show detail about the path pakets take on a network)

c:\ > tracert


Displays log statistics and current TCP / IP network connections. This command is only available if the TCP / IP protocol has been installed.

netstat [-a] [-e] [-n] [-s] [-p log] [-r] [interval]

Displays all connections and listening connections. Server connections are usually not displayed.

Displays the Ethernet statistics. Can be combined with the -s option.

Displays addresses and port numbers in numeric form (no attempt is made to retrieve names).

Displays statistics by log. By default, statistics for TCP, UDP, ICMP, and IP are displayed. Use the -p option to specify a subset of the default display.

-p protocol
Displays the connections for the protocol specified by protocol. Possible values ​​for protocol are tcp or udp. If this option is used with the -s option for log-based statistics display, tcp, udp, icmp, or ip can be specified for the log.

Displays the contents of the routing table.

Displays the selected statistics again after the number of seconds specified by Interval. Press CTRL + C to exit the interval display. Without specifying this option, netstat outputs the current configuration information only once.

C:\ > netstat -na


C:\ > NET use (show information about your mapped drive)
C:\ > net use z: \\computer (Map Z drive to \computer share folder)
C:\ > net use z: \\\audain (Map Z drive to \audain share folder)
C:\ > net use /delete F: (Remove the F Mapped drive)


C:\ > nslookup